Santhosh Gururaj
1 Apr 2023

Microsoft Excel is a widely used spreadsheet software that enables users to organize, manipulate, and analyze data with ease. Excel provides a wide range of functions and formulas that allow users to perform complex calculations, automate tasks, and create interactive visualizations.

In this blog, we will discuss the most commonly used formulas in Excel with examples that can help improve your productivity and efficiency while using Excel.

The SUM formula is one of the most basic and commonly used formulas in Excel. It is used to add up the values in a range of cells. The syntax for the SUM formula is as follows

=SUM(Cell1:Cell2)

For example, if you want to add up the values in cells A1 through A5, the formula would be:

=SUM(A1:A5)

The AVERAGE formula is used to find the average of a range of cells. It is a useful formula for calculating the mean of a dataset. The syntax for the AVERAGE formula is as follows:

=AVERAGE(Cell1:Cell2)

For example, if you want to find the average of the values in cells A1 through A5, the formula would be:

=AVERAGE(A1:A5)

The MAX formula is used to find the highest value in a range of cells. It is a useful formula for finding the maximum value in a dataset. The syntax for the MAX formula is as follows:

=MAX(Cell1:Cell2)

For example, if you want to find the highest value in cells A1 through A5, the formula would be:

=MAX(A1:A5)

The MIN formula is used to find the lowest value in a range of cells. It is a useful formula for finding the minimum value in a dataset. The syntax for the MIN formula is as follows:

=MIN(Cell1:Cell2)

For example, if you want to find the lowest value in cells A1 through A5, the formula would be:

=MIN(A1:A5)

The COUNT formula is used to count the number of cells in a range that contain numeric values. It is a useful formula for finding the number of values in a dataset. The syntax for the COUNT formula is as follows:

=COUNT(Cell1:Cell2)

For example, if you want to count the number of cells in cells A1 through A5 that contain numeric values, the formula would be:

=COUNT(A1:A5)

The IF formula is used to perform a logical test and return one value if the test is true and another value if the test is false. It is a useful formula for performing conditional calculations. The syntax for the IF formula is as follows:

=IF(Logical_test, Value_if_true, Value_if_false)

For example, if you want to test if the value in cell A1 is greater than the value in cell A2 and return "Yes" if true and "No" if false, the formula would be:

=IF(A1>A2,"Yes","No")

The VLOOKUP formula is used to look up a value in a table and return a corresponding value in the same row. It is a useful formula for finding information in a large dataset. The syntax for the VLOOKUP formula is as follows:

=VLOOKUP(Lookup_value, Table_array, Column_index_number, [Range_lookup])

For example, if you want to look up the phone number for a person with the last name "Ramesh" in a table with last names in column A and phone numbers in column B, the formula would be:

=VLOOKUP("Ramesh",A1:B5,2,FALSE)

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